Constitutional Dialecticalism and its role in polities
Constitutional Dialecticalism is Williams' sub-theory regarding the functional, i.e. modern, separation of powers. It identifies and explores the tendency of the functional powers (executive, legislative, and judicial) to merge together and then split apart in infinite oscillations. It is the modern separation theory's equivalent of the 'constitutional cascade' concept (again, one of Williams' terms) in Aristotle's Politics, whereby each constitution decays and falls into another, which itself decays and transforms, ad infinitum, tumbling from democracy to monarchy to aristocracy and around again.